International Journal of Medical Science and Dental Research

Volume 4 Issue 2 (March-April 2021)

      Ozone therapy is be defined as a versatile bio-oxidative therapy in which oxygen/ozone is administered via gas or dissolved in water or oil base to obtain therapeutic benefits. Ozone being considered as a perfect substance for use in dental procedures, is nowadays taking the pathway of conventional dentistry in following a minimally invasive and conservative application to dental treatment. But still in developing countries its awareness and popularity are less due lack of knowledge. Thereby, purpose of this systematic review was to make the clinicians aware about its effectiveness and the biological effects of ozone therapy in all fields of dentistry.

      Keywords: Ozone, Ozone therapy, Ozonated water, Ozonated oil.

    Management of Gutta-Percha over Filling of Mandibular First Molar By Intentional Replantation: Case Report
    One of the most critical and difficult situations in endodontic field is to retrieve the overfilling material which considered as a foreign body by immune system and may initiate the foreign body reaction in many cases. The removal of theses gutta percha may be difficult or impossible, this situation may necessitate the periapical surgery which may not amenable due to close proximity to vital structures, thus intentional replantation may considered the best treatment option in such cases.

    Keywords: intentional replantation, overfilling, RVG, periotome.

    • Dental Caries Experience and oral Health-Related Quality of Life among 5-12-Year-old Children in Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia Abstract:
      The study aimed to evaluate the impact of dental caries on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among 5-12 years children seeking dental care at private dental college clinics in Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia. Methods: It was a descriptive-analytic, cross-sectional study conducted among a sample of 5-12 year children seeking dental care at the private university hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The dft and DMFT scores were recorded in primary and permanent teeth using WHO criteria. The children's parents completed the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS).In this study, 245 children aged 5 to 12 years were evaluated for dft and DMFT score. Results: The mean dft index (decayed, filled teeth) in primary teeth was 5.16±2.81, DMFT (Decayed, Missing, Filled Teeth) in permanent teeth was 1.43±1.64. The mean score of oral health-related quality of life was 24.88±7.94. The dft and DMFT scores differed significantly across different age groups (p<0.001). A significant positive correlation between DMFT score and ECOHIS score was observed (r=0.184, p=0.004). Conclusion: Dental caries affected the 5-12 year children's oral health-related quality of life. The effect of caries in permanent teeth has a significant relationship with the OHRQoL in children seeking dental care at private university dental clinics.

      Keywords: children, dental caries, dft, DMFT, ECOHIS, oral health-related quality of life.

      • Relationship Between Untreated Early Childhood Caries and Quality of Life among Children in Saudi Arabia Abstract:
        The present study aims to evaluate the effect of the untreated pulpo-periapical extension of caries (pufa score) on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of 4-5 years old children using the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS). Methods: A total of 170 children aged 4-5 years with early childhood caries(ECC) and their parent/caregiver seeking dental care at private university dental clinics were included in the present study. The single examiner performed oral examinations of the children using the pufa (pulp, ulceration, fistula, and abscess) index, followed by the self-administration questionnaire of the 13 items in the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact (ECOHIS) scale among the 170 parents/caregivers. Results: The results showed an overall pufa score of (1.76±1.86) and ECOHIS-A score (25.08±8.46). An overall pufa score (1.76±1.86) and ECOHIS-A (25.08±8.46) were found in this study. Thenon-Saudi children (2.55±1.47) compared to the Saudi's (1.65±1.89) showed a significantly higher mean pufa score (p=0.005). Similarly, ECOHIS scores differed between non-Saudi (32.64±11.2) and Saudi (23.95±7.39) children (p<0.001). The children aged four years (2.19±2.07) demonstrated a significantly higher mean pufa score than the 5-year-old (1.16±1.29) children (p=0.002).ECOHIS scores showed a significant difference between pufa=0 and pufa>0, (p<0.001). Mean ECOHIS score and pufa score showed a significant positive correlation (r=0.343, p<0.001). Conclusion: It was concluded that the untreated early childhood caries with pulpo-periapical extension negatively affected the quality of life of 4-5 years children and their families.

        Keywords: children, dental caries, ECOHIS, oral health-related quality of life, pufa

        • Comparison of Serum Markers Procalcitonin, IL-6, IL-8 and CRP in Diagnosing Cases of Sepsis Abstract:
          Availability of diagnostic assays is highly variable in India, making diagnosis of sepsis even more problematic. Though many biomarkers are valuable for diagnosis, recently few of the biomarkers like Procalcitonin, IL-6, IL-8 and CRP have been found to be useful in the diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis. Materials and methods:Ours was a prospective study which included 60 consecutive patients admitted with a suspected diagnosis of infection and hospitalized in the ICU which fulfilled at least two of the 4 criteria of SIRS. Samples for Hematology, Cultures and Sepsis biomarkers (Procalcitonin, IL6, IL8 and CRP) were collected at admission, 24 and 48 hrs.