The Most Efficient Methods for Preventing Medication Errors and Enhancing Reporting Systems
Numerous population-based studies have repeatedly found alarmingly high rates of medication errors and avoidable deaths. Reliable practice is built on an effective reporting system for medication errors, which also serves as a gauge of how far we have come in achieving safety. The goal of medication error reporting systems' improvement efforts and system changes should be to lessen the risk of harming future patients. However, the objective of this review is to provide an overview of the culture surrounding reporting medication errors, incidence reporting systems, developing efficient reporting techniques, analyzing medication error reports, and making suggestions to improve reporting systems. Methods:
NFrom 1 January 1998 to 30 June 2020, electronic databases including PubMed, Ovid, EBSCOhost, EMBASE, and ProQuest were examined. There were 180 articles found, and 60 papers were eventually used in the review. Two reviewers mined the data, and two additional reviewers verified it. The search produced 684 articles, which were then whittled down to 60 by eliminating duplicates through title, abstract, and full-text paper vetting. Results:
The majority of the studies came from the United States and the United Kingdom. Studies from Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Korea, Japan, Greece, France, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt were among the few that were submitted. Medication error detection, measurement, and analysis demand an active strategy rather than a passive one. There must be initiatives to promote reporting of medication errors, including educating staff about areas for development and identifying the underlying causes (s). A classification system for describing and examining the specifics surrounding individual medication error events is the taxonomy developed by the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention. Conclusion:
A successful program for reporting medication errors should be safe for the reporter, yield beneficial suggestions and changes that benefit everyone, while also being inclusive and supported with the necessary resources. To move toward a more reliable practice, health organizations must adopt an effective reporting environment for the medication use process.
medical errors, medication error, improve, medication error reporting program, health care professional, patients, health organizations.